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Chronic Infections: Botanicals & Biofilms with Paul Bergner

  • Five Flavors Herbs 344 40th Street Oakland, CA, 94609 United States (map)

An advanced review of recent science in microbiology and botanicals for common infections. The discovery of the biofilm form of bacterial life has altered our understanding of chronic infection, and provided insight into reasons why antimicrobial drugs and host immunity in general fail to rid the body of chronic internal or external bacterial infections. More recent research into the synergistic effects of complex constituents in medicinal plants against biofilms has demonstrated that many medicinal herbs traditionally used topically for treatment of chronic infection may succeed in simultaneously disabling microbial defenses, preventing biofilm formation or spread and disrupting existing biofilms, in addition to directly killing bacteria. 


Topics covered will include:

  • New concepts in microbiology: Microbiome and Biofilm.
  • Antimicrobial actions of drugs and herbs.
  • Microbial defenses.
  • Structure and dynamics of biofilm formation.
  • Synergistic activities of medicinal plants against biofilms and their complications.
  • Comparative materia medica and differentials for: Calendula, Plantago, Hypericum, Echinacea, Althaea, Hydrastis leaf, Allium sativa, Arctostaphylos uva ursi, Commiphora myrrha, Achalypha mexicana, Boswellia, Propolis, Achillea, Hypericum, Larrea, Anemopsis, Thuja, Myrica, and Baptisia.
  • Therapeutic protocols for treating chronic infections of the skin, mouth, sinus, external and middle ear, stomach, small intestine, bladder, and vagina.

Paul Bergner is the Director of the North American Institute of Medical Herbalism. He has studied and practiced natural medicine since 1973, with formal training in naturopathy, medical herbalism, clinical nutrition, traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, flower essences, yoga therapy, and bodywork, including undergraduate studies in pre-medicine and psychology, and 50 semester hours of doctoral level medical studies at the National College of Naturopathic Medicine. He has published the Medical Herbalism journal since 1989, and has written seven books on medical herbalism, nutrition, Chinese medicine, ethnobotany, and naturopathic medicine. He has also edited periodicals on clinical nutrition and naturopathic medicine. Paul has taught clinical herbalism and clinical nutrition since 1989 and has mentored more than 300 students through clinical residencies at the Rocky Mountain Center for Botanical Studies and the North American Institute of Medical Herbalism since 1996. He is currently on the clinical faculty of the Colorado School of Clinical Herbalism in Boulder and the School of Traditional Western Herbalism in Portland, OR. He also has taught nutrition academically at both the undergraduate university and master's level. He lectures on the topics of medical herbalism and clinical nutrition nationally and internationally.